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Coastal Belt of Pakistan

The coastline of Pakistan extends about 1,050 kilometers, out of which 250 kilometers fall in Sind province and 800 kilometers in Balochistan from “Sir Creek”  to the area close to “Jiwani town” near Pak-Iran border.    Biggest City of Pakistan and a major port “Karachi” is also located on the coast of Arabian Sea along with upcoming Gwadar Port which is the one end of famous CPEC road.  Leaving aside the built-up area, generally,  the coast is coastline is mostly bare desert with unique landforms such as sandy beaches, mud flats, rocky cliffs, headlands, bays, deltas, etc.    Numerous mud volcanoes present along the shores are unique feature and are affected by tidal changes.  Some of these mud volcanoes of revered by local Hindu population and are visited by pilgrims in large number in the month of April each year.

Tourism and recreation in the coastal areas of Pakistan is largely limited to beaches along the Karachi coast and a few beaches along the Balochistan coast such as Gaddani and Kund Malir. However, tremendous potential for recreation and nature based tourism exists in the Indus Delta, and along the Balochistan coast at Churna Island and Astola Island, Jiwani and Hingol areas (e.g. Buzy pass, Hindu Temple at Hanglaj and Mud Volcano Chandar Gup.


Bhambore is an ancient town dating to the 1st century BC located along the Sindh coast. The city ruins lie along National Highway leading to Hydrabad and upper parts of the country.  It dates back to the Scytho-Parthian era and was later governed by Muslim rulers from the 8th to 13th century after which it was abandoned. Remains of one of the earliest known mosques in the region, dating back to 727 AD, are still preserved on the site. Bhambore was a medieval port city used for importing ceramic and metal goods, an industrial sector, and trade. The city was strategically located at the mouth of the Indus River, linking it with the rest of the Scytho-Parthian Empire. Ruins of this town along with Chaukandi graveyard located in near vicinity are the important destinations for tourists.  

Karachi City

The city of Karachi was once a small village of fishermen but now it has been evolved into a roaring urban centre which is not only the largest city of the country but major sea ports as well.  It is often said, “Karachi never sleeps” and same is proved by perpetual hustle and bustle of  the streets of Karachi with cacophony of colourful mini buses, impatient ruksha drivers and hurrying people and the infectious energy. But are there any attractions here that make one forget all the chaos of streets.  Beaches of Karachi can provide solace to a disturbed mind.  Visit to Churna island may even provide more clam and comfort.  Major beaches include Clifton, Hawks’ Bay, Sandspit and French Beach.    Major historical buildings located within city are Quaid-e-Azam   Mausoleum, National Museum of Pakistan, Mohatta Palace, Port Grand, Chaukhandi Tombs and many more tourist destinations.   Another MUST-VISIT place is “Do Darya” with sea at one side, various top quality restaurants serves variety of top quality cuisine having unique taste in ravishing ambiance.  

Kund Malir

Kund Malir’ is a beach in Balochistan, Pakistan located in Hingol National Park, about 150 kilometres   from Zero-Point on Makran Coastal Highway.    Travelling time from Karachi is around 4 hours and 03 hours from Gwadar however, tourist facilities are scarce during the journey.   It is considered to be one of the most beautiful beaches in this world.  According to Flight Network’s, Kund Malir is labeled as ‘The World’s Best Beach for 2018’. It is declared as one of the top tourist’s attractions of Pakistan. Kund Malir has made to the list of Top 50 Asian Beaches in 2018 which is definitely a remarkable position and a pride moment for the country.     While visiting Kund Malir, one can additionally visit Mud Volcanoes, Iconic Princess of Hope and Sphinx statues naturally formed rock structures.  

Many tour operators provide their services to explore this beautiful region and trash free beech. Many people from Karachi and interior Sindh go on the weekends for the picnic, boating and fishing.  Law and order situation is peaceful and the area remain under vigilance of the security force.  Due to the natural beauty of this beach along with colourful marine life and historical monuments, Kund Malir is a perfect tourist point to spend a pleasure day with one’s family and friends.


 Ormara is an old coastal city which is located 360 kilometres west of Karachi and 230 kilometres   east of Gwadar on the coast of Arabian Sea.   The route on both side does not possess decent facilities usually tourists expect along a route.    However, after reaching Ormara, things get much better.     Jinnah Naval Base of Pakistan Navy is also situated here.   Many people come all the way from Karachi to this place for even one day trip just to enjoy a cleaner beach with breathtaking view.  

Astola Island

Astola Island is located in Arabian Sea near Pasni town in the Gwadar District in Balochistan. It is also known as “Satadip” or Island of the seven hills.    Astola is Pakistan’s largest off-shore island which is literally untouched and unexplored by many tourists or visitors.  One can experience the natural calmness, watching bird and other species and spending time with oneself.

It takes about 4-5 hours road journey to reach Pasni from the city of Karachi.  From Pasni, boats take tourists to the Island, located about 7 kilometers inside sea, which without any facility.  Medicine, drinking water, lunch/dinner has to be taken along.  For night stay, one has to carry own tent that can be pitched at good location close to beach.  It is better if this place is visited in the form of group under arrangements made by tour operator.  Many Karachi based tour operator regularly bring tourists to Astola Island from May to September once sea is relatively calm.

There is a huge breeding of green turtles which is an attraction for tourists. There are many sea birds found at the Island such as gulls, plovers and sander lings. The remains of an ancient Hindu temple of their Goddess Kali are also located at the Island this is the reason why Astola Island is known to Hindus as Satadip. There is also a prayer yard which is dedicated to the Muslim Pir Khawaja Khizr who according to legend is said to rule the oceans. He is also believed to visit the prayer yard occasionally and offer prayers. The prayer yard is mostly used by the fisherman in the fishing season which is September to May to catch oysters and lobsters.

Hingol National Park

Hingol National Park along the Makran coast is the only national park bordering the coast in the Lasbela district of Balochistan. It is the largest national park in Pakistan declared for protection of several endangered species of wildlife.     Some 250 plant species were recorded in the initial surveys as well as at least 35 species of mammals, 65 species of amphibians and reptiles, and 185 species of birds are present in the park. The park forms an excellent habitat to wild Sindh ibex, Baluchistan urial, and chinkara gazelle. Ibex is found in all steep mountain ranges and are numerous in the Hinglaj and Rodani Kacho Mountain areas. The population is estimated over 3000.  It is a worth visiting place while travelling from Karachi to Gwadar or vice versa.


Gwadar is an emerging  port city on the south-western coast of Balochistan, Pakistan. The city is located on the shores of the Arabian Sea opposite Oman.  The word “Gwadar” is a combination of two Balochi words – Guad meaning Wind and Dar meaning Gateway or door, thus Gwadar means “The Gate of wind”.   Gwadar is tactically situated at the apex of the Arabian Sea and the mouth of the Gulf of Oman. The harbour is situated on the eastern bay of a natural hammerhead-shaped peninsula jutting out into the Arabian Sea from the shoreline. The city’s tactical, warm water, deep sea port was finished in 2007. The harbour is 47 feet deep and handles the largest freight ships that arrive in Pakistan. The city is expanding as a trade centre and a passage for Chinese oil imports through CPEC.

Gwadar is linked with Karachi and rest of the country via Makran Coastal Highway N-10 and by Air as well beside link via Sea. Tourists show interest in fishing and other water sports.  Road distance between Karachi and Gwadar is 473 kilometers and it takes around 12 hours to cover this distance on rented car.  While travelling by road one can additionally visit beautiful Hingol National Park, Princess of Hope, Sphinx,  Ormara Beach and Kund Malir Beach as well.

There are numerous hotels including Gwadar Pearl Continental are available to tourist for staying and for availing other facilities.